Archive for Equivocation

Equivocation

July 20, 2012 No Comments

Equivocation: when an argument relies on an ambiguous word (a word with more than one possible meaning), shifting in meaning, to get its conclusion

Definitional Matters, Equivocation
Woman calls Obama an Arab, McCain says he is a “family man”

Woman calls Obama an Arab, McCain says he is a “family man”

June 13, 2012 No Comments

A woman at a town hall style meeting claims Barack Obama is an "Arab." McCain takes the mic to correct her, saying Obama is a 'decent, family man.'

Ambiguous logical relations in folk art

Ambiguous logical relations in folk art

August 8, 2011 No Comments

I found this in the shed of my parents, while taking my son to visit his grandparents. It belonged, originally, to my grandmother. There are two distinct ways to interpret the sentence: 'Without a cat, a home is just a house' which was probably the intent of the author, and certainly the intent of my cat-loving grandmother and cat-loving parents. I, however, prefer the alternative, where the phrase 'without a cat' attaches to 'house' rather than the sentence as a whole. : or, to make it explicit: 'A home is just (a house without a cat)'

2004 Bush Ad – Victory

2004 Bush Ad – Victory

April 7, 2011 No Comments

From the 2004 Presidential Campaign: Victory, which claims that Iraq and Afghanistan were now (in 2004) democracies.

2004 Bush Ad – Progress for America: 11

2004 Bush Ad – Progress for America: 11

April 7, 2011 No Comments

From the 2004 Presidential Campaign: the 527 ‘Progress for America’: 'These people want to kill us' - the list of 'these people' includes Chechen rebels.

2004 Bush Ad – Swift Boat Vets: Any Questions

2004 Bush Ad – Swift Boat Vets: Any Questions

April 7, 2011 No Comments

From the 2004 Presidential Campaign: the 527 'Swift Boat Veterans for Truth' ran this ad questioning Kerry's public biography about his war record

Fake Expert

Fake Expert: A fallacious appeal to authority in which the 'expert' is not an expert at all.

Expert in the wrong domain

Expert in the wrong domain: a fallacious version of an appeal to authority - i.e. appealing to a doctor...

Slippery Slope

Slippery slope: If we take one step, we’ll have to take all the rest of them because there’s no...

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

Post hoc ergo propter hoc: “After this, therefore because of this”, a fallacy in reasoning about causes. (I took...

Poisoning The Well

Poisoning the well: Telling the audience what to think of a speaker when you’re introducing the speaker (My next...