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Archive for Appeal to Anger

Appeal To Calm

July 12, 2012 No Comments

Appeal to Calmness: the opposite of anger – shared experiences, values, ‘we’re all in this together’, etc.

Appeal to Calm, Definitional Matters

Appeal To Anger

July 12, 2012 No Comments

Appeal to Anger: Pointing out how one’s opponent has belittled that which we hold dear.

Appeal to Anger, Definitional Matters
2004 Presidential Campaign- MoveOn: Mistakes
Joe The Plumber “I’m Not Saying…”

Joe The Plumber “I’m Not Saying…”

June 29, 2012 No Comments

An ad from Samuel "Joe The Plumber" Wurzelbacher's campaign against Marcy Kaptur for Ohio's 9th district seat in the House of Representatives. It uses a the technique of distancing the speaker from obvious fallacious claims by qualifying them with the phrase 'I'm not saying that...'

Obama’s “Kill Romney strategy”

Obama’s “Kill Romney strategy”

June 24, 2012 No Comments

Romney ad from late Spring 2012, seeking to raise money for the general election campaign.

1990 Jesse Helms Ad – White Hands

1990 Jesse Helms Ad – White Hands

April 9, 2011 No Comments

A classic of TV ads in American Politics: Jesse Helm's infamous 'White Hands' from 1990, aired in the last week of a close campaign for North Carolina Senator against his African-American opponent Harvey Gantt (Helms won).

Robert Kennedy – MLK Assassination, Indianapolis

Robert Kennedy – MLK Assassination, Indianapolis

April 8, 2011 No Comments

A clip of the Robert Kennedy’s famous speech on the night of MLK’s assassination in Indianapolis, from a Frontline documentary on the event (aired Jan, 2005 on Maryland Public television).

2004 Kerry Ad – 527 MoveOnPac: doesn’t get it

Fake Expert

Fake Expert: A fallacious appeal to authority in which the 'expert' is not an expert at all.

Expert in the wrong domain

Expert in the wrong domain: a fallacious version of an appeal to authority - i.e. appealing to a doctor...

Slippery Slope

Slippery slope: If we take one step, we’ll have to take all the rest of them because there’s no...

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

Post hoc ergo propter hoc: “After this, therefore because of this”, a fallacy in reasoning about causes. (I took...

Poisoning The Well

Poisoning the well: Telling the audience what to think of a speaker when you’re introducing the speaker (My next...

Loaded Question

Loaded question: A question with an unacceptable pre-supposition. (Why do you hate America so much? – Stephen Colbert)

Fallacies of Relevance

Fallacies of Relevance: Bringing up irrelevant considerations in an effort to distract listener from the merits of the actual...

Guilt By Association

Guilt by Association: You are just the same as X, and X is terrible. Therefore, you’re terrible (the conclusion...

Genetic Fallacy

Genetic fallacy: Saying that some idea’s history or origin (genesis) means it is true/false.


Equivocation: when an argument relies on an ambiguous word (a word with more than one possible meaning), shifting in...


Enthymeme: general term for an argument with a gap (missing premise)

Confusing Correlation With Causation

Confusing Correlation With Causation: (Buying gas is correlated with owning a car. Clearly, buying gas causes car ownership.)

Confirmation Bias

Confirmation bias: seeing what you believe; interpreting observations/data to match a conclusion you already have in mind.

Undermining Biography

Undermining Biography: sewing seeds of doubt due to questionable background. Also known as ‘swiftboating’.