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From Time Magazine: Does Kindergarten lead to crime?

From Time Magazine: Does Kindergarten lead to crime?

July 25, 2012 No Comments

Time magazine recent reported on New Hampshire state legislator Bob Kingsbury's assertion that "The sources I have is I went to the Department of Education and got a list of kindergartens and I went to the safety department and got the crime report," he said. "In general, the towns with a kindergarten have 400 percent more crime than other towns in the same county. In every county the towns and cities with kindergarten had more crime."

Fake Expert

July 25, 2012 No Comments

Fake Expert: A fallacious appeal to authority in which the 'expert' is not an expert at all.

Appeal to Authority, Definitional Matters, Fake Expert

Expert in the wrong domain

July 24, 2012 No Comments

Expert in the wrong domain: a fallacious version of an appeal to authority - i.e. appealing to a doctor of philosophy for a medical opinion, e.g.

Appeal to Authority, Definitional Matters, Expert in the wrong domain

Slippery Slope

July 24, 2012 No Comments

Slippery slope: If we take one step, we’ll have to take all the rest of them because there’s no real difference between this first step and all the subsequent ones.

Definitional Matters, Slippery Slope

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

July 23, 2012 No Comments

Post hoc ergo propter hoc: “After this, therefore because of this”, a fallacy in reasoning about causes. (I took a sip of my drink and right afterward, the Red Sox scored a run. I’ll take another sip to make them score again!)

Definitional Matters, Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Poisoning The Well

July 23, 2012 No Comments

Poisoning the well: Telling the audience what to think of a speaker when you’re introducing the speaker (My next guest is notorious for his extremist views about gun control and I’m sure my audience is much too smart to fall for his tricks…)

Definitional Matters, Poisoning the Well

Loaded Question

July 22, 2012 No Comments

Loaded question: A question with an unacceptable pre-supposition. (Why do you hate America so much? – Stephen Colbert)

Definitional Matters, Loaded Questions

Fallacies of Relevance

July 22, 2012 No Comments

Fallacies of Relevance: Bringing up irrelevant considerations in an effort to distract listener from the merits of the actual argument. Many forms.

Definitional Matters, Fallacies of Relevance

Guilt By Association

July 21, 2012 No Comments

Guilt by Association: You are just the same as X, and X is terrible. Therefore, you’re terrible (the conclusion is usually implied)

Definitional Matters, Guilt by association

Genetic Fallacy

July 21, 2012 No Comments

Genetic fallacy: Saying that some idea’s history or origin (genesis) means it is true/false.

Definitional Matters, Genetic fallacy
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Fake Expert

Fake Expert: A fallacious appeal to authority in which the 'expert' is not an expert at all.

Expert in the wrong domain

Expert in the wrong domain: a fallacious version of an appeal to authority - i.e. appealing to a doctor...

Slippery Slope

Slippery slope: If we take one step, we’ll have to take all the rest of them because there’s no...

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

Post hoc ergo propter hoc: “After this, therefore because of this”, a fallacy in reasoning about causes. (I took...

Poisoning The Well

Poisoning the well: Telling the audience what to think of a speaker when you’re introducing the speaker (My next...

Loaded Question

Loaded question: A question with an unacceptable pre-supposition. (Why do you hate America so much? – Stephen Colbert)

Fallacies of Relevance

Fallacies of Relevance: Bringing up irrelevant considerations in an effort to distract listener from the merits of the actual...

Guilt By Association

Guilt by Association: You are just the same as X, and X is terrible. Therefore, you’re terrible (the conclusion...

Genetic Fallacy

Genetic fallacy: Saying that some idea’s history or origin (genesis) means it is true/false.

Equivocation

Equivocation: when an argument relies on an ambiguous word (a word with more than one possible meaning), shifting in...

Enthymeme

Enthymeme: general term for an argument with a gap (missing premise)

Confusing Correlation With Causation

Confusing Correlation With Causation: (Buying gas is correlated with owning a car. Clearly, buying gas causes car ownership.)

Confirmation Bias

Confirmation bias: seeing what you believe; interpreting observations/data to match a conclusion you already have in mind.

Undermining Biography

Undermining Biography: sewing seeds of doubt due to questionable background. Also known as ‘swiftboating’.