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Archive for Exercises

Gizmo – Orchestrating Multiple Research Strategies

Gizmo – Orchestrating Multiple Research Strategies

March 24, 2011 No Comments

In this version of Gizmo, we have collected all three strategies (recording activity, inhibiting components, and stimulating components) together, and allow you to orchestrate the strategies to figure out the mechanism:

Gizmo – Stimulating Components

Gizmo – Stimulating Components

March 24, 2011 1 Comment

The third common strategy in modeling a phenomenon is to stimulate the components directly. In this version of Gizmo, we provide a device (the lightening bolt) to allow for this strategy.

Gizmo – Inhibiting Components

Gizmo – Inhibiting Components

March 24, 2011 No Comments

A common second strategy in modeling a phenomenon is to inhibit (or 'lesion') the activity of the components. In this version of Gizmo, we provide a device (the scalpel) to allow for this strategy.

Gizmo – Recording activity

Gizmo – Recording activity

March 24, 2011 1 Comment

An important first step in modeling a phenomenon is recording the activity of the components. In this version of Gizmo, we provide a recording device (the magnifying glass) to allow this step.

Gizmo – Version 1

Gizmo – Version 1

March 24, 2011 No Comments

'Gizmo' is a tool developed by Peter Bradley (McDaniel College) from an original design by William Bechtel (UCSD) to teach modeling as an investigating strategy in science. This is simplest interactive version of gizmo: it has three inputs (the three buttons in the upper right) and three behavioral 'outputs': legs wiggle, tail moves, antenna move.

Obversion A

Obversion A

July 9, 2010 No Comments

Flash-based interactive example of Venn diagram-enhanced categorical reasoning. This one is of A-type (Universal Affirmative) Obversion. Does ‘All cats are felines’ imply ‘No cats are Non-felines’?

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Fake Expert

Fake Expert: A fallacious appeal to authority in which the 'expert' is not an expert at all.

Expert in the wrong domain

Expert in the wrong domain: a fallacious version of an appeal to authority - i.e. appealing to a doctor...

Slippery Slope

Slippery slope: If we take one step, we’ll have to take all the rest of them because there’s no...

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

Post hoc ergo propter hoc: “After this, therefore because of this”, a fallacy in reasoning about causes. (I took...

Poisoning The Well

Poisoning the well: Telling the audience what to think of a speaker when you’re introducing the speaker (My next...

Loaded Question

Loaded question: A question with an unacceptable pre-supposition. (Why do you hate America so much? – Stephen Colbert)

Fallacies of Relevance

Fallacies of Relevance: Bringing up irrelevant considerations in an effort to distract listener from the merits of the actual...

Guilt By Association

Guilt by Association: You are just the same as X, and X is terrible. Therefore, you’re terrible (the conclusion...

Genetic Fallacy

Genetic fallacy: Saying that some idea’s history or origin (genesis) means it is true/false.

Equivocation

Equivocation: when an argument relies on an ambiguous word (a word with more than one possible meaning), shifting in...

Enthymeme

Enthymeme: general term for an argument with a gap (missing premise)

Confusing Correlation With Causation

Confusing Correlation With Causation: (Buying gas is correlated with owning a car. Clearly, buying gas causes car ownership.)

Confirmation Bias

Confirmation bias: seeing what you believe; interpreting observations/data to match a conclusion you already have in mind.

Undermining Biography

Undermining Biography: sewing seeds of doubt due to questionable background. Also known as ‘swiftboating’.